3 edition of Competition policies in emerging economies found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 112 p. :|
|Number of Pages||74|
nodata File Size: 2MB.
Journal of Financial Economics, 109 1198-223. Different factors led to Panama adopting a competition law and establishing a Commission on Free Competition and Consumer Affairs CLICAC. This reflection also seeks mechanisms for strengthening legal Competition policies in emerging economies that attend to competition problems, as well as the forms that help to politically value the issue of competition in a way that allows it to become a true priority in governmental agendas.
By Contested leadership is a vital sign of the competitive environment.United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNCTADNew York and Geneva. It is the region's poorest country, with long-standing high external indebtedness resulting from having to finance its current account deficits and a substantial percentage of its fiscal deficits with international aid or concessionary loans. Despite the progress made, the existing competition agencies in the region show serious difficulties in efficiently protecting competition in the telecommunications sector.
Previous literature suggests that relationship lending is a popular lending technology often used by local banks in lending to small businesses e.
Developing countries are both an exciting opportunity for new growth and a source of surprisingly tough new global competition. 2423-PECLAC, Santiago, Chile. Countries that have implemented extremely broad economic reforms, including massive privatizations, and which have adopted competition laws and regulatory bodies.
under the scrutiny of the Competition Authority. TACA filed several legal challenges to COPA operating a second daily flight on these routes, and on several occasions has succeeded in denying the Panamanian airline permission to land in El Salvador. In Mexico the provision of information is voluntary, but as the law is revised this will probably change, and in Panama, as discussed, the judicial branch intervenes from the start, issuing the instructions to provide information.
These different paths are the result of specific political configurations and coalitions and diverse types of historical performance by the public enterprise.
Again, our findings are important for regulators and policy makers in the MENA countries as they inform regulatory authorities for the need to set the level of regulations capital requirements and activity restrictions in such a way that prevents concentrated banks from engaging in risky activities in the face of increased competition.
Any typographical or grammatical errors should be corrected at revision, so please note any specific errors here. The fiscal reasons do not, however, seem sufficient to explain the continued public presence in the ownership of the enterprise. There are powerful lobbies that support the maintenance of antidumping. Switzerland enjoys greater labor market flexibility than many other European countries. The research on relationship lending in the MENA region is very limited and provides mixed evidence.
Does one of the manner every not coincide members three years with political terms Grounds for Reasons must be Inefficiency, Engage in activities Outright Found guilty of Found guilty of Permanent removal of considered consistent incompatible with negligence in premeditated premeditated incapacity members grave and duly negligence that commission duties; carrying out crimes; crimes; to carry out justified delays the grave non-fulfil- duties; has permanent incompatibility functions; commission's ment of obligations been arrested incapacity; with duties; bankruptcy or activities, guilty and functions of the or has mental termination on bankruptcy or manifest of premeditated position; negligence or physical grounds of manifest insolvency; crimes, failing to or incompetence in incapacity grave non- insolvency; found guilty attend three carrying out duties; fulfilment of non-fulfilment of a crime; sessions during a conduct that threatens duties of duties; fully negligence calendar month the seriousness and proposed by proven in fulfilling or absence from impartiality of the three fourths incompetence duties the country for commission of the Superior more than three Competition policies in emerging economies months without the authorization of the commission, physical or mental incapacity In the countries under study most laws or Competition policies in emerging economies initially opted for a commission rather than a single commissioner except El Salvador, where the authority is a superintendency presided over by a single director.
Trade liberalization has not produced a displacement of local production in these countries on the scale that Stewart describes.
The commission formula offers the advantage that decisions are not made by a single individual but instead are the product of collective deliberations among various commissioners.
Our data analysis does not support this evidence; we observe a statistically significant difference in the capital ratios between CBs and IBs.
The above difficulties are compounded by the non-existence of a fixed term of office for COFETEL commissioners and of the specific causes of removal from their posts.