03.06.2021 | History

5 edition of Nuclear techniques in the study and control of parasitic diseases of livestock found in the catalog.

Nuclear techniques in the study and control of parasitic diseases of livestock

proceedings of the final Research Co-ordination Meeting on the Use of Nuclear Techniques in the Study and Control of Parasitic Diseases of Farm Animals

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Published by Administrator in International Atomic Energy Agency

    Places:
  • United States
    • Subjects:
    • International Atomic Energy Agency


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      • Includes bibliographical references.

        StatementInternational Atomic Energy Agency
        PublishersInternational Atomic Energy Agency
        Classifications
        LC Classifications1988
        The Physical Object
        Paginationxvi, 92 p. :
        Number of Pages71
        ID Numbers
        ISBN 109201112882
        Series
        1
        2Panel proceedings series,
        3

        nodata File Size: 8MB.


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Decoding the tsetse fly’s genome brings hope to controlling serious livestock disease

Humans bitten by carrier flies can develop African sleeping sickness, which can be fatal without treatment. In January, Senegal reported that it was making significant progress in infested areas in the Niayes with the same method. These do not produce offspring and, as a result, the technique can suppress and, if applied systematically on an area-wide basis, eventually eradicate populations of wild flies.

No vaccine against the disease exists for livestock or humans because the parasite is able to evade mammalian immune systems, so control methods primarily involve targeting tsetse flies through trapping, pesticide treatments and sterile male release strategies.

Decoding the tsetse fly’s genome brings hope to controlling serious livestock disease

Tsetse flies were successfully eradicated from the island of Zanzibar using the sterile insect technique and are currently being suppressed in parts of southern Ethiopia. A form of insect birth control, the sterile insect technique involves releasing mass-bred male flies that have been sterilized by low doses of radiation into infested areas, where they mate with wild females. The disease leads to a debilitating chronic condition that reduces fertility, weight gain, meat and milk production, and makes livestock too weak to be used for ploughing or transport, which in turn affects crop production.